Telangana,the state with rich historic and cultural heritage is one of the most frequented tourist places in South India.Also known as The City of Pearls, Hyderabad is today one of the most developed cities in the country and a modern hub of information technology, ITES, and biotechnology. Hyderabad is known for its rich history, culture and architecture representing its unique character as a meeting point for North and South India, and also its multilingual culture.
The Name Telangana refers to the word Trilinga Desa, earned due to the presence of three ancient Shiva Temples at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam, and Draksharamam. A more historical reasoning is that during the reign of Nizams, the region was known as Telugu Angana to differentiate it from the areas where Marathi was spoken.
Telangana region has been ruled by great dynasties such as Sathavahanas, Kakatiyas, Chalukyas, Mughals, Qutubshahis, Asafjahis. Kakathiyas contributions to architecture are considered most impressive while Sathavahanas ruled Telangana region for about 400 years right from the 2nd century B.C. to beyond the 2nd century A.D. Among Kakathiyas, Prataparudra, was a great ruler who ruled till A.D.1323.
During the rule of Bahamani, Quli Qutub, born in Persia, came to Deccan and he had become the Governor of this region. Quli Qutub later became independent and formed his own Qutubshahi Dynasty in 1518. The Golkonda fort was built by Quli qutub. In his reign, two tanks such as Ibrahim Pantam tank and Hussainsagar were built including a bridge on river Musi, which is known as Puranapul. The Hindus of Telangana region remember him for his immense patronage of Telugu literature. Many Telugu poets such as Addanki Gangadher Kavi, Panuganti Telanganarya, Kandukuri Rudra Kavi had flourished in his court.
Qutubshah then shifted the capital from Golkonda to Hyderabad on the banks of the river Musi. He built the Jamia mosque at Charminar. The State of Hyderabad was eventually founded by Mir Qamruddin Chin Qilich Khan. Later, he conferred himself the title of Asaf Jah, by which title the dynasty is still known.
Hyderabad ranked second best place in the world that one should see in 2015 which is published in the annual guide of ‘Traveler’ magazine of National Geographic.
• Birla Mandir, Hyderabad is a white marble Hindu temple of Lord Venkateshwara on the Naubath Pahad in Hyderabad.
• The Ramappa Temple and Thousand Pillar Temple in Warangal are famous for their temple carvings of the Kakatiya dynasty.
• Sammakka Saralamma jatara is held every second year in Medaram.
• Gnana Saraswati Temple, Basar is one of the famous Saraswati Temples in India.
• Sri Rajarajeshwara Temple – One of the famous and most visited Lord Shiva temple located in Vemulawada
• Vemulavada temple is built by Chalukya Kings between AD 750 and 975. Yadagirigutta, the abode of an avatara of Vishnu, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha.
Famous Buddhist centres:
• Nelakondapalli – Khammam District
• Dhulikatta – Karimnagar District
• Phanigiri – Nalgonda District
Pilgrim centres and temples:
• Bhadrakali Temple – In the city of Warangal
• Ramappa Temple – Near to Warangal City
• Charminar – Centre of the Hyderabad Old City
• Golkonda Fort – Largest and 400 years oldest fort
• Ramoji Film City – Largest Film City in the world situated in Hyderabad City
ABOUT RAMOJI FILM CITY
Escape to Ramoji Film City, a magical realm filled with excitement and wonderful surprises at every turn. As the world’s largest integrated film city and india’s only thematic holiday destination with magic of cinema, there’s something special for you here.
Spread across a sprawling 2000-acre Ramoji Film City, set up by Ramoji Group in 1996, is a dreamy celluloid journey.
Certified by the Guinness World Records as the world’s largest Filmstudio complex, at Ramoji Film City, a filmmaker can walk with a script and walk out with film. For the others, Ramoji Film City flung open a wonderland where 1.5 million tourists build memories every year.
• Warangal Fort – Oldest fort built by Kakatiya before 13th century reflects the culture of Telugu people
• Thousand Pillar Temple – Built by King Rudra Deva in 1163 AD. The Thousand Pillar Temple is a specimen of the Kakatiyan style of architecture of the 12th century.
• Surendrapuri – A unique Mythological Awareness Centre near Yadagirigutta, 60 km from Hyderabad
Golkonda ,a ruined city of south-central India and capital of the medieval kingdom of Golkonda (c. 1364 – 1512), is situated 11 km west of Hyderabad.
Hyderabad, the capital and the largest city of the State of Telangana and also the capital of the State of Andhra Pradesh till the next capital is determined. The place is rich with historic and urban structures. The city is also a home to the ‘Telugu Film Industry ‘or ‘Tollywood’, which is the second largest producer of motion pictures in India. Monuments like Charminar, marketplaces, cuisines, the town of Hyderabad is a must visit.
The district lies not very far from the Capital city of Hyderabad and is one of the largest cities in Telangana. Warangal enshrines a huge number of ancient temples and monuments. The Pakhal lake is a must visit. The thousand pillar temple here is a historic marvel to behold and will ensure you note it down in your bucket lists for this city.
Located by the River Godavari, Nizamabad is also a major city in the State of Telangana. The town is famous for its various temples and historical monuments. The Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary is located next to the Pocharam Lake in Nizamabad and contains a rich flora and fauna. The Nizamabad fort is also a great place to visit.
Karimnagar is located by a tributary of the Godavari River and is located at an approximate distance of 165 kilometers. The city is famous for its various historical forts owing to it being under the Nizam’s reign. The Elgandal fort is a great place to visit due to its great location. The town is also famous for its various pilgrimage spots with some really amazing temples. The city is the 4th most populated city in the State of Telangana.
The city’s name ‘Khammam’ owes to the local derivation of the name of hill located in this area. The Godavari River covers an area of 250 kilometers in this area from the Warangal district. This is also rich in coal minerals and called the ‘Coal Town of South India’. The town is famous for its lakes, forts, temples and hot springs. The Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary is a great place to visit which houses animals like tigers, pythons, jackals etc.
Adilabad is the second largest city in Telangana and is known for its handicrafts. The area is distinguished from the Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts by the River Godavari. The Kawal wildlife sanctuary is a home to wildlife species like the tiger, panther, crocodiles etc. The town is also known for its various waterfalls and parks. A great place to visit would be the Basar Saraswati Temple which is situated at the banks of the Godavari River.
Located at a distance of around 100 kilometers from the capital Hyderabad, Mahbubnagar was the core of the Sathavahanas and the Chalukya Dynasties’ reign and was also a part of the Princely state of Hyderabad. The town is famous for various palaces and ancient temples. A major tourist attraction is the ‘Peerlamarri’ which is a 800 years old banyan tree and its underlings are spread across 3 acres of land.
Medak is famous for its rock paintings that date back to the Neolithic era. The Narsapur Forest is a great place to visit especially for the wildlife enthusiasts. The Devnoor Village is a beautiful village which is located by the Manjira River and is a great place to visit. The Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary is also a great place to visit and is a home to a variety of migratory birds and crocodiles. The Medak cathedral is a monolithic church of the Methodist Christian sect and the second largest Diocese in the world. The gothic styled architecture is a marvel to behold.
The city of Nalgonda is located between two hills and is known for its various hill forts. The rivers Krishna, Musi River, Aleru, Peddavagu, Dindi and Paleru flow through the city and enrich it with various natural resources. The World’s largest masonry dam, Nagarjuna Sagar is located in this city and is a major source of irrigation in the region. The town is also famous for its old temples and monuments.
Rangareddy was form in 1978 when it split from the Hyderabad district. The town is basically a rural district and is famous for its temples. Ananta Padmanabhaswamy Temple is a major tourist attraction here. The Osman Sagar Lake is also a great place to visit. The town however has fewer attractions than the rest of the cities in Telangana and due it being close to Hyderabad can be covered in a day.